College Services that Help Veterans Succeed
Five Services That Help Veterans Succeed In College: What to Look for When Applying to Colleges
Student-veterans often say their first year of college is the most difficult part of the transition back to civilian life. Veterans enter college with advanced skills, including a solid work ethic and motivation, yet often struggle to succeed. While some college campuses offer cutting-edge support, the overall landscape of student-veteran services is highly uneven. Here are five important support resources for student-veterans to look for when selecting a college.
1) Veterans Centers (Lounges) on College Campuses
As new veterans navigate the transition to civilian life, college is often the place where this transition begins. A campus veteran center offers a safe place for student-veterans to find the resources they need to succeed. These centers afford veterans the opportunity to meet fellow student-veterans and share their experiences with those who have or are going through a similar experience.
For some, the veterans center is simply a safe place to share a cup of coffee. For others it is the only place they feel comfortable asking for help with everything from their course schedule to PTSD and other service-related challenges. Since many student-veterans are commuters, a designated space can also serve as a place to get work done, socialize, and use time productively between classes. Moreover, a veteran center can enhance a veteran’s sense of belonging within the college or university.
For those who are just starting their college search, this list of military friendly colleges may prove helpful. This list simplifies the search process by ranking colleges by their financial value to student-veterans and by the level of resources they dedicate to student-veterans.
2) A Properly Trained Faculty
In order to be most effective, faculty must understand and know the issues surrounding student-veterans. A student-veteran may be struggling to find his or her post-military identity and therefore needs assistance selecting a suitable course of study. Additionally, the prevalence of mental health disorders such as PTSD and anxiety may inhibit a student-veteran’s decision-making and time management skills. A properly trained faculty can help alleviate stress and provide direction. When you are shopping for a college, ask if the faculty are familiar with and use the VA Campus Toolkit. This online resource provides the faculty and staff at colleges and universities the knowledge and tools they need to help student-veterans adapt and thrive.
3) Peer Mentoring Services
Veterans are often interested in and benefit from establishing relationships with other student-veterans. Life in the military is a unique experience and the transition back to civilian life can entail an equally unique set of challenges. Unfortunately, many veterans consider the act of asking for help a sign of weakness and opt instead to face their challenges alone. Peer programs are designed to put veterans at ease. By creating the occasion for veterans to share their concerns in a safe setting, peer programs are highly effective in combatting anxiety and depression.
Peer Advisors for Veteran Education (PAVE) is a peer support program on 42 campuses that connects incoming student-veterans with student-veterans already on campus in order to help them navigate college life, identify challenges they are facing, refer them to the appropriate resource on or off campus, and provide ongoing support to their academic and personal ventures. Many individual colleges and universities also have their own internal peer mentoring programs for veterans- simply ask the advising department.
4) Affordable Housing
Student-veterans are “non-traditional” students. The National Center for Education Statistics defines a “non-traditional” student as anyone who fits one of these seven characteristics.
Do not immediately continue your education after you graduate from high school
Attend college only part time
Work full-time (35 hours or more per week)
Are financially independent
Have children or dependents other than your spouse
Are single parents
Have a GED, not a high school diploma
According to the Veterans Administration, only 15% of student-veterans are traditionally aged college students, most student-veterans are between the ages of 24 and 40, 47% of student-veterans have children, 47.3% of student-veterans are married, and 62% of student-veterans are first-generation students.
In many cases, on-campus housing cannot accommodate the needs of student-veterans and their families. Student-veterans often find it difficult to relate to the younger traditional students that typically reside in college housing. Unfortunately many campuses either lack nontraditional housing options altogether or offer a very limited number. Consequently, student-veterans often live in more costly and remote off-campus housing. In many cases, the distance a student travels to school is a significant variable in their prospects for success, and this holds true for student-veterans as well.
Some universities, such as New Mexico State University, have designated Student Veteran Housing on campus and others such as George Mason University, have a program to help student-veterans locate affordable housing options with other student-veterans. When you shop for colleges, ask their admissions officer if the college offers on-campus housing for non-traditional students.
5) Transparent Information For Informed Decision-Making
Some for-profit colleges have a history of preying on student-veterans. In some cases, these schools offer degrees with the accreditation or credentials to do so, which makes it difficult if not impossible transfer credits to an accredited university. The Project on Student Debt frames the problem more bluntly:Certain laws regarding the allocation of GI Bill money allowed “unscrupulous for-profit colleges to aggressively and deceptively recruit veterans, service-members, and their families to enroll in high-priced, low-quality programs.”
Before enrolling in any university program, student-veterans should do their homework and invest their GI Bill money wisely. To help, the VA created a GI Bill Comparison tool, which includes a rich set of metrics and rankings that make it easy for student-veterans to research a school and its policies.
Veterans, what have been the most difficult parts of transitioning to student life? What has your school done to help you adjust? Please share with us here at Challenge America, the resources that you have found most helpful and your ideas on what could be improved.
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Parks, Rodney, Erin Walker, and Carol Smith. "Exploring the Challenges of Academic Advising for student-veterans." College and University 90.4 (2015): 37.
Griffin, K. A., & Gilbert, C. K. (2015). Better Transitions for Troops: An Application of Schlossberg's Transition Framework to Analyses of Barriers and Institutional support structures for student-veterans. Journal Of Higher Education, 86(1), 71-97.
DiRamio, D. & Jarvis, K. (2011). Veterans in higher education: When Johnny and Jane coming marching to campus. ASHE Higher Education Report.
From Military Service to Student Life: Strategies for Support Student-Veterans on Campus. Education Advisory Board, 2009.